## Surface Area and Improvements

Last year I taught a lesson on surface area that bombed.  I thought it’d be great to have students measure the surface area of a state using a scale model.  This task was found in my course adopted resource pack. Looking back, it wasn’t a bad idea or problem but the execution was far less than stellar.  The problem asked students to find the surface area of the state of Nevada.  They were given a model and a scale at the bottom.

The class completed this mostly in whole group (which in hindsight was not the greatest idea).  I asked students to use the scale to find the surface area.  Students used rulers and decided to find the area by dividing the shape into one rectangle and one triangle.  After giving students about 10 minutes I surveyed the class and the answers were all over the board. Some debated on the word “approximate” as the class was asked to find the approximate surface area.  Other students thought the 0-100 km was a guideline and could be rounded. While others decided to neglect the missing piece near the southern border of the state.  Needless to say it didn’t go as well as planned.  Looking back, one of the problems was that this activity was completed whole group.  Students didn’t get time to discuss with each other what or how to measure.  There wasn’t a determination of what to do with the missing piece in the south and how to divide up the state.  The class eventually came to a consensus that there was one right answer and we moved on.  I put a note in my planner to do things differently next year.

So it is now next year (2020) and I have a different class.  This year I gave the same problem, but did things a bit differently.  I first front-loaded information about the state itself as a whole class discussion.  The class discussed the shape of Nevada and how it’s not exactly one rectangle and one triangle.  I reinforced that we can’t just neglect the small corner of Nevada.  It may be helpful to find that area as well.  Students were then randomly selected and placed in small groups of 2-3 students per group.  I asked the students what was meant by the scale in the bottom left and how they could use it to help them find the area.  Student groups had time to discuss and report out how they would use it.  Some students even found that the 0-100 km was actually 1 centimeter. I then gave each group a ruler/straightedge to help construct shapes within the state itself. Students had approximately 15-20 minutes to discuss and find the surface area using the tools that they were provided.  Students were busy slicing up the state and using a straightedge to find the approximate surface area.

The class then came back as a whole and each group submitted a response.  I received all the responses and students were given time to think about their submission and possibly make a change.  It’s interesting how peer pressure and consensus will sometimes make you second guess a decision.  In this case students mostly received affirmation and there was justification that came along with that decision.  All but one group was in the ballpark and that group didn’t initially convert the scale.  There answer ended up being extremely small compared to others.  Some of the groups decomposed like this:

The majority of the class was within the approximate range and it was a productive discussion.  If you’re wondering, the surface area is approximately 278,000 square kilometers.  So now you can win a trivia contest.

I put a note in my planner to use this method next year.  Last year it bombed and this year was much better. Part of teaching is improving your craft and I had more than a couple pieces of humble pie last year. I tend to hear the phrase best practice thrown around in the field of education. I’m more of the mindset of emphasizing better practices and looking forward to tweaking this even more to make it a better experience next year.

## Better teaching practices

I remember reading a tweet a while back that mentioned that teachers should be using best teaching strategies in the classroom.  I absolutely agree with the tweet.  Best teaching practices should be something that school districts strive for, although I think the term ‘best practice’ often falls into the edubabble category and is used incorrectly at times.  I’ve listened to the phrase being used in appropriate circumstances and I’ve heard it used primarily as a trump card to end education conversations.  Regardless, the phrase is often utilized to convey that a particular research-based strategy will better your classroom.

Many educators have read the popular book called Classroom Instruction That Works.  The book suggest that teachers use specific “high-yield” teaching strategies in the classroom.  I’ve known educators who term the strategies as best practice since they’ve been researched and suggested by leaders in the field of education.  After the book was published school districts started to use these strategies more frequently.  I say frequently because I believe that some schools were already using the strategies before the book was published.  Unfortunately, some schools were using the strategies as a form of a checklist, expecting to see the strategies in most/all classrooms.  Morzano, one of the authors of the book, cautions that  “A school or district that uses a narrow list of instructional, management, or assessment strategies will fall into the trap of assuming that all strategies must be used in every classroom.”  I believe that many of the strategies are beneficial, but they shouldn’t be used as a checklist.

School leaders should look at incorporating better teaching practices in schools.  Often school improvement plans are put in place to improve (better) a school in a certain area.  Using the word ‘better practices’ communicates that there’s room for growth and innovation.  All schools, administrators and teachers can become better at what they do.  I believe that growth mindset should also apply to teaching practices.  Moving from entire whole group instruction to differentiated instruction could be one way to move towards showcasing better teaching practices in the classroom.  Empowering teachers and providing them with strategies to improve is essential, regardless if the strategies are termed best practice or not.  Innovative educators have strategies or ideas that they use on a daily basis that might not yet be termed or published as best practices.  Let’s move beyond the term and encourage better teaching practices in our schools.